Please do your home work before traumatizing your dogs with unnecessary surgeries Please reference Non surgical techniques such as"Zinc neutering" (via injection) and other "Non Surgical" techniques for neutering and spaying our dogs. A new "spaying" alternative can be seen on the "Spay" page of our website."DR. Karen Beckers" video on disease related to altering your Dogs physiology as well as the most recent clinical evidence show the common effects of unecessary surgical procedures. General statements making "Chopping them off" a casual surgery is... dangerous unless the dog is mounting everything in sight. It puts Dogs on a lower level of intellect to humans, (which they are not). Strays and shelter Dogs are a seperate issue as cutting edge technologies may not be readily available in certain regions. We should definetlely vote for politicans that are progressive in spay neuter laws in order to reallocate funds to this cause at a fraction of the cost of surgeries resulting in a more positive outcome for all.Responsible Dog gaurdians learn to properly train their dogs and curve their behaviour through education, not surgically removing body parts unneccessarily and betraying all of the love and trust that your Dog has in you.